Richard Rothstein (the author) begins chapter 9: "STATE - SANCTIONED VIOLENCE" by explaining an event that relates to a picture usually shown on the left page of every page. The picture was taken in 1954 and provides a key importance to what the rest of the chapter pertains to. The caption of the picture is "Levittown, Pennsylvania, 1954. A crowd mobilizes before proceeding to harass the first African American family to move into the all-white development" (page 138). Also how "Some rented a unit next door to the Myers [an African American family] and set up a clubhouse from which the Confederate flag flew and music blared all night. Police arrived but were ineffective... troopers were dispatched when then police failed to end the harassment. It was a needless worry; the state troopers also declines to perform their duty" (page 141).This relates to how people do not like change (ID-Identity) because it introduces a sense of unfamiliarity that tends to disturb people with certain backgrounds. The police, troopers, and especially the white citizens were against the African Americans moving into the white neighborhood. This is similar to how hate crimes raised after 9/11 against Muslims who were stereotyped into being terrorists because of that one very tragic event. The change that occurred after 9/11 was that Americans were not sure how to react to a group of people who shared the same religious identity to those that killed many innocents so they became violent. Like the mob outside an African American family's house, they did not like the change and saw violence as the way to stop it. Looking back on the past we understand that violence does not solve anythings and only leads to more confusion and disunity. I just hope more people can understand this.
^The comedian Aziz Ansari explained the reason George Bush gave his speech after 9/11, "It was about basic human decency and remembering why the country was even formed in the first place."